The right paddle does matter!
As the west coast of British Columbia and Vancouver Island gets battered by the remnants of Typhoon Songda I know this might seem like an odd time to talk about sea kayaking. But, if I can’t be paddling, why not think and talk about it right? In July of 2015 I purchased a Werner Cyprus paddle from Comox Valley Kayaks for about $600.00 and I must say, though expensive this was a sound investment. I was skeptical too but the right paddle truly does matter and makes a huge difference, especially for multi day expeditions. Below is a guideline that can be used when choosing the paddle you want and need:
How to Choose
Kayak paddles range from about 210 cm to 260 cm in length. The correct size for you depends on your paddling style, your height and the width of your boat.
Low-angle paddling uses a relaxed style with a slower cadence. It offers efficiency on long trips. The flatter (more horizontal) angle of the blade into the water means that low-angle paddles feature slim blades and are slightly longer than high-angle paddles.
High-angle paddling describes a more aggressive style and a faster cadence. This is preferred in moving water where acceleration and maneuverability are important. It requires ample force for each stroke; it’s also a great choice for fitness.
Height and Boat Width
The taller the paddler, the longer the paddle you will need. For example, a 6’2″ paddler with a 26″ wide boat would want a 230cm long paddle for low-angle paddling; a 5′ tall paddler with the same-width boat would be happier with a 220cm paddle. Boat width is important, too, so see the charts below (courtesy of Werner Paddles) for general guidelines.
Low-Angle Kayak Paddle Length Sizing (paddler height x boat width)
|Under 23″||23″ to 28″||28″ to 32″||Over 32″|
|Under 5′ tall||210cm||220cm||230cm||240cm|
|5′ to 5’6″ tall||215cm||220cm||230cm||240cm|
|5’6″ to 6′ tall||220cm||220cm||230cm||250cm|
|Over 6′ tall||220cm||230cm||240cm||250cm|
High-Angle Kayak Paddle Length Sizing (paddler height x boat width)
|Under 26″||Over 26″|
|Under 5’1″ tall||200cm||220cm|
|5’1″ to 5’4″ tall||205cm||220cm|
|5’4″ to 6′ tall||210cm||220cm|
|Over 6′ tall||220cm||230cm|
It’s true that the lighter the weight, the easier the paddling. However, the best paddles offer a balance of light weight and strength. Weight is most relevant for touring paddles, especially on long trips.
In the middle of the price range, these are popular for touring and recreational use, and for good reason. They are relatively light weight and offer excellent durability. Plus, they come in a wide range of colors.
With its light weight and distinctive look, carbon fiber is the high-performance choice. It costs more, but if you’re headed out on a multiday trip you will appreciate the reduced weight over thousands of paddle strokes.
These paddles are affordable, durable and require minimal care. They make great spare paddles and can be a good choice for beginners or recreational kayakers. Downsides: They are relatively heavy, and aluminum can feel cold in cool weather.
Blades are either feathered or nonfeathered. Nonfeathered blades are positioned in line with each other. Feathered blades are not on the same plane; they are offset at an angle to each other. The main benefit of feathering is that it reduces wind resistance and wrist fatigue. As one blade strokes through the water, the other slices through the air. Typical feathered blade angles vary from 30° to 45°. Smaller angles are easier on the wrists; larger angles offer greater efficiency when paddling.Blades are feathered in such a way that one hand always maintains control of the paddle. This “control hand” rotates the shaft with each stroke so the blades enter the water at the most efficient angle. Most touring paddles have take-apart shafts that let you change the feather angle and the control hand. The control hand is a matter of personal preference, and is not necessarily determined by whether you are right- or left-handed.
Most paddle blades these days feature a asymmetrical dihedral shape Unlike older symmetrical blades, asymmetrical designs are relatively narrow and tolerate a more horizontal stroke, which requires less energy on your part. The dihedral shape creates a built-in angle, similar to an airplane wing. This allows water to flow smoothly and evenly over both halves of the blade.
Most kayak paddles have simple straight shafts. Bent-shaft paddles have a “kinked” section that positions hands at a more comfortable angle during the power portion of a stroke, which minimizes discomfort and fatigue, especially if you have joint or shoulder injuries.Two-piece shafts break down for easy storage; 4-piece shafts break down even smaller making them a great choice for inflatables or as a backup paddle.Small-diameter shafts offer a less fatiguing grip for women or any paddler with smaller hands.Shafts come in 2 shapes: oval and round. Oval shafts offer a more comfortable grip than the traditional round shape. Some round shafts feature oval hand sections for a better grip. This is called oval indexing.
Carry a Spare
If your paddle breaks in the middle of an open water crossing, or if you lose it on the second day of a week long sea kayaking trip, what will you do? Without a spare, you might literally find yourself up a creek without a paddle. (This has happened to me.) A take-apart paddle makes an inexpensive spare that could save you serious time and grief should the unexpected happen. They are easy to stash and stand up to rigorous use.